Hindi & Turkish

When I first started watching Hindi films, I noticed right away that there are many common words in Hindi and Turkish. This has  been one of the factors that made me want to watch more Hindi films and aspire to learn Hindi. I don’t think that there is a resource for these common words online, so here it is!

I looked up the origin of these Turkish words in Turkish etymology and the origin of most of them is Farsi (Persian). I think the commonality is due to the Moghul influence on Hindi/Urdu and the Persian influence on Ottoman Turkish. A small number are Arabic in origin.

 

Hindi Turkish
1 Tamanna   (desire) Temenni   (desire)
2 Hawa    (wind) Hava    (air)
3 Parda    (curtain) Perde  (curtain)
4 Paneer     (cheese) Peynir   (cheese)
5 Rushwat    (bribe) Rüşvet    (bribe)
6 Handaan    (family) Handan   (all extended family)
7 Sine   (chest) Sine   (chest/heart)
8 Ajnabi   (stranger) Ecnebi   (foreigner)
9 Kismat  (destiny) Kısmet    (fate / destiny)
10 Rab    (God) Rab  (God)
11 Mohabbat  (love) Muhabbet   (loving conversation)
12 Tareef   (flattery) Tarif   (to describe)
13 Izzat  (respect/honor) İzzet   (respect/honor)
14 Arzoo  (desire) Arzu  (desire)
15 Alvida  (goodbye) Elveda  (goodbye)
16 Ziyaada  (more/a lot/too much) Ziyade   (enough/more)
17 Dard   (fear) Dert    (cause of worry)
18 Farq   (difference) Fark    (difference)
19 Saf   (clean/innodent) Saf  (naïve/innocent)
20 Hafta  (week) Hafta  (week)
21 Aitraaz  (objection) Itiraz   (objection)
22 Qurbaan (sacrifice) Kurban   (sacrifice)
23 Fadaa  (to sacrifice) Feda  (to sacrifice)
24 Asumaan  (sky) Asuman  (female name)
25 Rang  (color) Renk   (color)
26 Wadi  (valley) Vadi  (valley)
27 Hasrat  (longing) Hasret  (longing)
28 Esaas  (understand/understanding) Esas  (real/reality)
29 Waqt   (time) Vakit  (time)
30 Taraf  (way/side) Taraf   (way/side)
31 Chehra   (face) Çehre  (face)
32 Haq  (right) Hak  (right)
33 Dua  (prayer) Dua  (prayer)
34 Kyun ki  (because) Çünkü  (because)
35 Shikayat  (complaint) Şikayet   (complaint)
36 Insaan  (human) İnsan  (human)
37 Farz  (duty) Farz  (religious duty)
38 Waqeel / Waqalat  (lawyer, permission to act on your behalf) Vekil / Vekalet  (lawyer, permission to act on your behalf)
39 Jaan  (life) Can  (life)
40 Adaa  (manner) Eda   (female’s manner)
41 Khabar  (news) Haber  (news)
42 Mulaqaat  (meeting) Mülakat (interview)
43 Maalum (know/knowing) Malum  (known)
44 Ehm  (great/important) Ehemmiyet  (importance)
45 Jannat  (heaven) Cennet   (heaven)
46 Safar  (journey) Sefer  (journey)
47 Subaah  (morning) Sabah  (morning)
48 Parishaan  (upset/ruined) Perişan  (upset/ruined)
49 Qafi  (very/very much/a lot) Kafi   (enough)
50 Varis (Urdu)  (children) Varis (inheritor)
51 Vadaa  (promise) Vade  (promise)
52 Donya  (world) Dünya  (world)
53 Insaafi  (fairness) İnsaf  (mercy / justice)
54 Shahir  (city) Şehir  (city)
55 Dastan  (story) Destan  (story/tale)
56 Sırf[1]  (only/just) Sırf  (only)
57 Shohrat  (fame / glory) Şöhret  (fame)
58 Zameendar[2]  (wealthy) Zemindar?
59 Taaqıt  (strength) Takat (strength)
60 Sharafat  (honor) Şerafet (honor)
61 Kitaab  (book) Kitap  (book)
62 Lakin  (but) Lakin  (but)
63 Shayari  (poetry) / Shayar (poet) Şiir  (poetry)/ Şair  (poet)
64 Azaadi  (liberation) Azad (to be liberated)
65 Nazaqaat  (gentleness) Nezaket  (gentleness)
66 Jaanim  (dearest) Canım  (my life)
67 Majburi  (obligation) Mecburiyet  (obligation)
68 Hayaal  (thought) Hayal  (daydream)
69 Jawab  (answer) Cevap  (answer)
70 Istifaa  (resignation) Istifa  (resignation)
71 Shahid  (perhaps/male name) Şahit  (perhaps)
72 Nazar  (glance/sight/eyes/evil eye) Nazar  (evil eye)
73 Deewana  (crazy/besotted) Divane  (crazy)
74 Parwana (moth) Pervane (fan/that which goes around)
75 Afsana  (famous story) Efsane  (famous story/myth)
76 Mazboot  (serious) Mazbut  (respectable)
77 Mustaqbil  (career) Müstakbel  (upcoming)
78 İlaaj  (solution) İlaç  (medicine)
79 Amanat  (belonging) Emanet (to leave in the care of)
80 Mulk  (Urdu) (country/nation) Mülk  (property/country/nation)
81? Nishaani  (symbol) Nişan  (engagement)
82 Jahannam  (hell) Cehennem  (hell)
83 Usuli  (principles) Usul  (method)
84 Har  (every) Her  (every)
85 Kanoon  (law) Kanun  (law)
86 Jasoos  (spy) Casus  (spy)
87 Watan  (homeland) Vatan  (homeland)
88 Adalat  (court) Adalet  (justice)
89 Sukoon  (peaceful) Sükunet  (peacefulness)
90 Shart  (condition) Şart  (condition)
91 Siyasat  (Urdu) (politics) Siyaset  (politics)
92 Hukumat  (state) Hükümet  (government)
93 Qurshundum[3] (Telugu) (gun/pistol) Kurşun  (bullet)
94 Sheesha (glass) Şişe  (glass bottle)
95 Shay (thing)/ Har shay  (everything) Şey (thing) / Herşey (everything)
96 Zarurat  (necessary)/ Zaroor (def.) Zaruriyet  (necessary)
97 Biradar (Urdu) (brother) Birader  (brother)
98 Dost  (friend) Dost  (friend)
99 Iradaa (decision) İrade  (conviction self-control)
100 Kiraadar  (tenant) Kiracı  (tenant)/ Kira (rent)
101 Sahi-salamat Sağ-selamet
102 Khayal  (thought/dream) Hayal  (day-dream)
103 Qadam-qadam (step by step…along the way) Adım-adım (step by step…along the way)
104 Daamaad  (son-in-law) Damat (son-in-law)
105 Qursee (chair) Kursi  (stand in front of room/chair as in govt. position)
106 Dawa (medicine) Deva (solution / remedy)
107 Niyat (intent) Niyet (intent)
108 Ibadaat  (worship) İbadet  (worship)
109 Taqdeer  (destiny) Takdir  (respect/appreciate)
110 Dil  (heart) Dil  (tongue/language)
111 Kitaab  (book) Kitap  (book)
112 Qayb  (missing) Kayıp  (lost/missing)
113 Tareeq  (date) Tarih (date)
114 Barabar  (perfect) Beraber  (together)
115 Fayda  (benefit) Fayda  (benefit)
116 Barbaad  (destroyed/ruined) Berbat  (ruined)
117 Admi  (man) Adam  (man)
118 Bahar  (outside +mountains) Bahar  (spring)
119 Diwaar  (wall) Duvar  (wall)
120 Jehb  (pocket) Cep  (pocket)
121 Badan  (body) Beden  (body)
122 Janwara  (animals) Canavar  (monster)
123 Latifa  (joke) Latife (to joke sweetly)
124 Mahalla  (neighborhood) Mahalle  (neighborhood)
125 Umeed  (hope) Ümit  (hope)
126 Dastoor  (opportunity) Destur  (permission / request for way)
127 Tasalli  (consolidation) Teselli  (consolidation)
128 Wafaqaa (loyalty) Vefakat  (loyalty)
129 Hasaab  (calculation) Hesap  (calculation / bill at the rest.)
130 Adat  (habit) Adet  (tradition)
131 Tawa  (pan) Tava  (pan)
132 Mubarak ho  (congratulations) Mübarek olsun  (congratulations [religious connotation])
133 Shorba  (soup) Çorba  (soup)
134 Shaqil  (face) Şekil  (shape/image)
135 Paree (fairy) Peri  (fairy)
136 Khatir (for the sake of) Hatır/Hatrına (for the sake of)
137 Qabil (capable) Kabiliyet  (capability/skills)
138 Istimaal  (to use) Suistimal  (to take advantage of)
139 Gunaah  (crime) Günah  (sin)
149 Paydah  (birth) Peydahlamak  (birth out of wedlock)
150 Tarqan  (heartbeat) Tarkan  (male name)
151 Faqeer  (poor/beggar) Fakir  (poor)
152 Nateeja (result) Netice  (result)
153 Aitraaz  (objection) İtiraz  (objection)
154 Laash  (corpse) Leş  (corpse)
155 Dushman  (enemy) Düşman  (enemy)
156 Dafa (number of times) Defa (number of times)
157 Bahane (excuse) Bahane (excuse)
158 Avaaz (voice) Avaz (voice, Imam’s teaching)
159  Hissa (part, piece of) Hisse (part, piece of legal ownership)
160 Jurm (crime) Cürüm (crime)

[1] Interestingly, there is an “I” sound in Hindi, just as in Turkish.

[2] Zameendar comes from zameen, meaning land, so zameendar literally means “landowner”, thus wealthy.

[3] The only Telugu word I have come across which is similar to Turkish. Also the Telugu outcry “abooo” There is also a similar Turkish outcry “aboooo / appooo” In meaning it is similar to “arre” or “aiyyo” but is socially less acceptable, especially in more formal situations.

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29 thoughts on “Hindi & Turkish

  1. Superb article ! I wasn’t aware of all the similar words between both languages. For the moment I’ve been checking similar words between turkish and french. There are a lot !

  2. Brother, the words and language you mentioned above is Urdu that is rebranded as Hindi after partition. Word Urdu itself is Turkish word, and main language of pakistan. Since India is bigger country so people know it most as Hindi language. Actual words and vocabulary used in Indian movies is Urdu in majority.

  3. Eshk (love) in Hindi and Ashk (love) in Turkish
    I also noticed same similarity, as I recently started watching Hindi movies, after having watched a lot of Turkish movies.

    • I also noticed same thing when i was watching a turkish serial ask lafdaanlamza . I noticed the word spoken by murat is duneya(world) and is same in hindi it is duniya (world) also some words which majorly i noticed is that a slight difference between e,a, i which slightly change the pronounciation rest meaning is same

      • While watching Turkish serials i heard “intikam(revenge), shakkar(sugar), kubul(accept), ashik(lover), kofte(a dish),harkisi(everyone),halwa(sweet dish),dariya(sea),
        Zamana(time/period), garib(poor), jawab(answer),
        Zor(pressure), taza(fresh), ayna(mirror), masum(innocent), bulbul (nightingale),sada(simple),
        Hichki(hiccups), alvida(farewell), adat(habit)
        Jinaza(funereal), akkal(brain/mind), zalim(savage)
        Razi(accept),hazir(available), sham(evening)
        Gul(rose), ishara(signal), Asli(real), bichara(helpless)
        Zamin(floor), yani(namely), tarafdar(supporter)
        Uss taraf(that side), anar(pomegranate), falana(so and so), hakikat(truth), janavar(beast), laziz(tasty),
        Mal(goods)” Indians commonly use them

  4. Great list! If you allow me to make a remark, most words are from Arabic. The commonality stems from Arabic. It is in all likelihood due to the expansion of the Muslim empire, to Persia, Turkey, India, etc. The language of the Quran is Arabic, thus many none Arabic speaking inherited Muslims still inherited words from the Arabic language. I noticed some words in Hindi stem from Persian. I think like someone mentioned Hindi is a version of Urdu. As for why words like Dost and Perishan and Dard are the same in Hindi/Urdu and Turkish, I am still confused!

    • Thanks love. But the “Turkish Language Institution” which is an officially ordained entity by the Turkish government that has the duty to research, protect and expand upon the Turkish language, lists the origin of these words as Farsi, and I’m quite inclined to believe them.

  5. The word Taaqıt (strength) has Turkish equivalent: takat being used in the same sense
    Azaadi (freedom) is also being used especially the adjective form Azaad (free ) The prefix of the word Azaadi, and Turkish word Özgürlük “öz” “az” are etimologically the same meaning “self”. I think Teselli (consolidation) is incorrect. It should have been solace. Istimaal (use) is rather being used in the negative sense in Turkish Language meaning “misuse”. Handaan (family)is used in the sense of dynasty royal family (hanedan) . Mülakat means interview. Varis means inheritor.

  6. I have been learning Turkish and watching turkish TV shows for a while now and I swear I was going to write a post about this! Its uncanny how similar some words are. I think its because many hindi/urdu words originate from arabic and turkic family of languages.

    Another one to add to the list.. CAYI and CHAI for tea 🙂

  7. I also noticed some words like ‘jahannum’ (hell) spoken by hayat to the taxi driver when I was watching a Turkish show ask laftan anlamez.

  8. I also noticed some words like ‘jahannum’ (hell) spoken by hayat to the taxi driver when I was watching a Turkish show ‘ask laftan anlamez’.

  9. Bro I’m going to end this confusion by this comment
    Sanskrit is a mother of all languages or hindi Is a modern or mixed up Sanskrit so that’s why it is similar to Turkish or Turkish is also originated from Sanskrit.

    • Thanks bro! I’ve heard the theory that all languages originated from Sanskrit but I’m not sure if it has been proven. It’s quite safe to say that Turkish DID NOT originate from Sanskrit, or is not based on Sanskrit. Turkic languages are a separate, individual language family. Yes, there are a lot of borrowed words in contemporary Turkish, that generally happens when you rule over lands in multiple continents for several centuries. But it is a unique language indeed. There is no confusion at all really, nearly all common words in Turkish and Hindi, are of Farsi-Urdu origin, and that’s all there is to it, and I’m still convinced that the influence lies in the Ottoman Empire’s close proximity to (and frequent wars with) the Iranian dynasties. All the Sultans spoke Farsi, and they were also the academic and literary leaders of the empire. And the Farsi influence on Hindi surely arises from Mughal-Muslim rule over Indian territories who spoke Farsi and Urdu, and Urdu itself is influenced from Farsi as others have mentioned. Thanks though, I know that the eagerness to connect Turkish and Sanskrit comes from love! and I’m sure many Turkish Bollywood fans would be very pleased if that were the case.

  10. Add hisaab and kitaab as well :). I am watching a Turkish show, and it’s so nice that I can understand so many words and don’t have to depend not the subtitles alone. Lovely!

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